Understanding Chigger Bites: Prevention and Treatment

June 3, 2024

Connor Merritt

Connor Merritt

Chiggers, also known as red bugs or harvest mites, are tiny arachnids that can cause significant discomfort through their bites. Found predominantly in grassy and wooded areas, these minuscule pests are virtually invisible to the naked eye but can lead to intense itching and skin irritation. While I might be one of the lucky few avid outdoorsman to have never experienced a tick or chigger bite, I understand the importance of learning how to prevent, recognize, and treat chigger bites. Learn how to avoid them by reading below and you can spend your life chigger-bite-free just like me.

What Are Chiggers?

chigger bites

Chiggers are the larval stage of certain species of mites in the Trombiculidae family. Measuring less than 1/150th of an inch, they are typically red, orange, or yellow. Chiggers thrive in warm, humid environments and are most active during the late spring through early autumn.

How Do Chigger Bites Occur?

Chiggers latch onto human skin through contact with vegetation. They prefer areas where clothing is tight, such as around the ankles, waist, and groin. Contrary to popular belief, chiggers do not burrow into the skin. Instead, they inject a digestive enzyme that breaks down skin cells, allowing them to feed on the resulting liquefied tissue. This enzyme causes the characteristic itching and redness associated with chigger bites.

Identifying Chigger Bites

chigger bites

Chigger bites often appear as clusters of red, itchy bumps. These bumps can develop into welts or blisters and are commonly found in areas where the skin is thin and the mites can easily access the dermis. The intense itching usually begins a few hours after the chiggers attach and can persist for several days.

Treating Chigger Bites

  1. Clean the Affected Area: As soon as possible, wash the area with soap and water to remove any remaining chiggers and reduce the risk of infection.
  2. Apply Anti-Itch Creams: Over-the-counter anti-itch creams or lotions containing hydrocortisone, calamine, or antihistamines can help alleviate itching and swelling.
  3. Take Oral Antihistamines: Medications like diphenhydramine (Benadryl) can provide relief from itching and help you sleep if the discomfort is severe.
  4. Avoid Scratching: Scratching can exacerbate the irritation and lead to infection. Keeping nails trimmed and wearing gloves at night can help prevent this.
  5. Cold Compresses: Applying a cold compress to the affected area can reduce inflammation and soothe the itch.

If symptoms persist or if signs of infection (such as increased redness, swelling, or pus) develop, seek medical attention.

Preventing Chigger Bites

  1. Wear Proper Clothing: When venturing into areas where chiggers are prevalent, wear long sleeves, long pants, and high socks. Tuck pants into socks or boots to create a barrier.
  2. Use Insect Repellents: Apply insect repellent containing DEET, or picaridin to exposed skin. You can also treat clothes and gear with permethrin to further enhance your protection. Which ever you choose, make sure you follow proper precautions.
  3. Avoid High-Risk Areas: Chiggers are commonly found in tall grass, weeds, and dense underbrush. Stick to well-trodden paths and avoid sitting or lying directly on the ground.
  4. Shower After Outdoor Activities: Taking a shower and washing your clothes immediately after spending time in chigger-prone areas can help remove any chiggers before they have a chance to bite.
  5. Maintain Your Yard: Regularly mow your lawn, trim shrubs, and remove brush piles to reduce the likelihood of chigger infestations around your home.


While chigger bites can be a nuisance, understanding how to prevent and treat them can help you enjoy the great outdoors with minimal discomfort. By taking the appropriate precautions and knowing how to effectively manage bites if they occur, you can reduce the impact of these tiny but troublesome pests. Whether you’re hiking, camping, or simply enjoying your backyard, staying informed and prepared is your best defense against chigger bites.

You can also read about hiking the Appalachian Trail on iSportsmanUSA.


More About Tactics


Alligator Gar: The Apex Predator of Freshwater Fishing

June 13, 2024 iSportsman Staff


A Freshwater Sunfish Fishing Guide for Beginners

June 5, 2024 iSportsman Staff


Understanding Ballistic Coefficients for Hunters

May 30, 2024 iSportsman Staff


Redfish Fishing: A Quick & Easy Beginners Guide

May 17, 2024 iSportsman Staff

View All