Mountain Lion Hunts 101: Safety, Tips, and More

April 24, 2024

Connor Merritt

Connor Merritt

Mountain lion hunts require not only skill and patience but also a deep understanding of the ecosystem and the habits of these elusive predators. As spring unfolds, it’s essential to shed light on critical aspects of mountain lion hunts, including the presence of spring cubs, safety precautions, and best hunting practices. Let’s delve into the world of mountain lion hunts, so you can succeed in this challenging endeavor.

Spring Cubs and Conservation

Female mountain lions, or lionesses, often give birth to their cubs during the spring months, typically between April and June. These newborns, incredibly vulnerable in their early days, rely entirely on their mother’s care and protection. It’s crucial for hunters to be aware of the presence of spring cubs and to exercise caution to avoid disrupting their habitats or inadvertently separating them from their mothers.

Conservation efforts play a vital role in ensuring the sustainability of mountain lion populations. Mountain lions are a keystone species, which means the healthy functioning of an entire ecosystem depends on their influence; additionally, they are also an umbrella species, which means that, due to their large habitat requirements, conservation of a mountain lion typically means successful conservation for numerous other species as well.

Responsible hunting practices help maintain healthy ecosystems by managing lion populations in balance with their natural habitats. By respecting hunting regulations and quotas, hunters contribute to the preservation of mountain lion populations for future generations to appreciate and admire, as well as to the very ecosystems they inhabit.

Safety on Mountain Lion Hunts

Encountering a mountain lion in the wild can be a thrilling yet potentially dangerous experience. While attacks on humans are rare, it’s essential to be prepared and knowledgeable about mountain lion behavior to minimize risks. Here are some essential safety tips for those venturing into mountain lion territory:

  1. Stay alert and vigilant, especially in areas known to be frequented by mountain lions.
  2. Travel in groups whenever possible, as mountain lions are less likely to approach larger parties.
  3. Keep children and pets close and under supervision, especially during dawn and dusk when mountain lions are most active.
  4. If you encounter a mountain lion, avoid running. Instead, stand tall, make yourself appear larger, and slowly back away while maintaining eye contact.
  5. In the rare event of an attack, defend yourself vigorously using any available means, such as rocks, sticks, or bear spray.
  6. You can find more in-depth explanations of these tactics here.

When and Where to Go on Mountain Lion Hunts

Mountain lion hunting season typically spans from August to January or February, with some states implementing additional spring hunts to manage overpopulations. Season length varies based on meeting harvest quotas. You can use this tool to find opportunities in your area and to estimate costs. You can also hunt them at the United States Air Force Academy.

The terrain plays a significant role in mountain lion hunting, with rocky canyons, dense forests, and rugged mountainsides serving as prime habitats. Areas with abundant prey populations, such as deer and elk, are often frequented by mountain lions seeking their next meal. Experienced guides and outfitters can offer valuable insights into optimal hunting locations and strategies tailored to specific terrain and conditions.

How to Succeed on Mountain Lion Hunts

mountain lion hunts

  1. Study Prey and Habitat: Mountain lions primarily prey on deer, elk, and other ungulates. To effectively hunt lions, study the behavior and movement patterns of their prey species. Identify key habitats such as dense forests, rocky outcrops, and rugged terrain where both lions and their prey are likely to be found.
  2. Learn How to Track Them: To track a mountain lion effectively, start by identifying tracks, scat, scratches on trees, or disturbed vegetation. Mountain lion tracks typically feature round-shaped pads with retractable claws and are larger than those of domestic cats. Follow the trail, observing track characteristics and looking for additional signs along the route. Maintain awareness of behavioral patterns and habitat preferences, as mountain lions often travel along ridgelines, game trails, or natural corridors with access to water sources and ample cover. Use tracking aids like tracking sticks or flagging tape in challenging terrain and stay vigilant for sudden changes in behavior or signs of nearby wildlife.
  3. Utilize Scouting Techniques: Conduct thorough scouting missions prior to the hunt to gather intelligence on lion movements and behavior. Use binoculars and spotting scopes to survey the landscape from vantage points, identifying potential ambush sites, travel corridors, and bedding areas frequented by lions.
  4. Master Stealth and Concealment: To stay hidden from a mountain lion, prioritize blending into your surroundings by wearing earth-toned clothing and avoiding bright colors. Move slowly and quietly to minimize noise that could alert the lion to your presence. Use natural cover such as trees, rocks, or bushes to conceal yourself, and stay downwind to prevent the lion from detecting your scent. Keep a lookout for any signs of a nearby lion and be prepared to calmly back away if you spot one. Carry bear spray as a precautionary measure in case of a close encounter, and remember to never run from a mountain lion as it may trigger a predatory response.
  5. Employ Calling Techniques: Predator calls can be effective in luring mountain lions within range.¬†Use predator calls specifically designed for mountain lions, imitating distress calls of injured prey or the vocalizations of rival lions. Start with soft and subtle calls, gradually increasing volume and intensity to pique the lion’s interest. Pay attention to your surroundings and remain vigilant for any signs of a lion approaching.
  6. Work with Trained Dogs: Well-trained hounds can be invaluable assets in mountain lion hunts. Dogs can pick up scent trails, track lions through challenging terrain, and hold treed lions at bay, increasing your chances of a successful harvest.
  7. Understand Lion Behavior: Deepen your understanding of mountain lion behavior to anticipate their movements and reactions during the hunt. Learn about their feeding habits, territorial behaviors, and mating cycles to strategically plan your hunting approach. Pay attention to subtle cues such as vocalizations, scrapes, and scent marking. You can find a comprehensive breakdown of their behavior here.


Mountain lion hunts offer a unique opportunity to immerse oneself in the natural beauty of the wilderness while testing your skills as a hunter; however, it’s important to approach these hunts with respect, mindfulness, and a commitment to conservation. By prioritizing safety, adhering to regulations, and promoting responsible hunting practices, enthusiasts can contribute to the preservation of mountain lion populations and the ecosystems they inhabit. As spring unfolds and the mountains come alive with new life, let us embrace the adventure of mountain lion hunts while ensuring the continued thriving of these magnificent predators in their natural habitats.

You can learn more about different predator species on iSportsmanUSA.


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