How To Prepare For Archery Season

August 2, 2023

K. Slye

K. Slye

Archery season is still a few months away, but it’s never too early to start preparing for the fall.  Shooting as much and as often as possible will help hone the skills necessary to succeed with stick and string.  The best way I know how to practice and simulate hunting situations is to shoot at local 3D archery courses and competitions.

Growing Up With Archery

Growing up, my Dad and I would go to an archery shoot just about every weekend from late spring to early fall.  It was a great way for us to practice for the upcoming archery season and enjoy a day in the woods together.  I have great memories shooting with my Dad and other friends at 3D archery shoots.

We placed in the top three teams two years in a row at a local father-son shoot.  We regularly attended an annual archery festival at a ski resort in the summer, where we rode the ski lift up to the peak, and shot the different courses that meandered back down the mountainside.

I remember being about five when I first starting going to the shoots with my dad, using my Panda, a little red youth compound bow made for beginners.  My daughter is three and has shown some interest in shooting her Bear Archery First Shot that a close family friend gave to her as a gift.

To make it fun for her we shoot at balloons in the back yard. She’s also come with me to a 3D course, shooting her bow at the targets when we walk up to pull our arrows.  She usually hits the target, and even though it just bounces off she still giggles, shouts, “I did it!” and gives out high fives.  Hopefully she’ll join me more often when I go to 3D courses.

Young girl tries archery

My Daughter learning the finer points of archery while shooting at balloons in our backyard.

Getting My Dad To Try A 3D Shoot

My Dad switched to using a crossbow for hunting during archery season because of shoulder issues, so we haven’t gone to an archery shoot together for a while.  But this summer I convinced him to come with me to a local club for a 3D shoot.

He reduced the poundage of his old compound to a manageable draw weight, we hastily sighted it in on the practice range, and headed out to the course.  It brought back some good memories and reinforced the fact that shooting the bow is a skill that needs continuous practice.

Most courses have 30 targets, where an archer shoots the 3D target, records the score, retrieves the arrow, and moves to the next target.  The targets are various types of game species, from a woodchuck to a buffalo—there are even dinosaur and zombie targets.

Shooters are divided into different classes, depending on age and equipment, and this determines what distances archers shoot.  The distances are not posted, so the archer must estimate the yardage and use the appropriate sight pin.

The International Bowhunting Organization (IBO) has six levels of classes, with maximum distances for classes ranging from 25 for level one to 50 yards for level six.  Scoring is based on where the arrow hits the target: a complete miss is a 0, hitting the target anywhere outside the vitals is a 5, inside the vitals is an 8, a heart shot is 10, and a perfect center of heart shot is an 11.

How 3D Courses Help Prepare For Archery Season

There are myriad ways that shooting 3D courses help prepare an archery hunter for the fall.  First is the judging of yardages.  A hunter can do everything right to get that beautiful buck to walk by, but if there’s no time to use a range finder and the yardage is misjudged, it could be disastrous.  Best-case scenario is a clean miss, where the animal is unscathed for the hunter to hopefully meet again later.

Worst-case scenario, which is a hunter’s nightmare, is an injured animal unable to be recovered.  One way to better estimate yardage is to pick several points between the intended target.  For example, the rock is 10 yards away, and the distance between the rock and the big tree is 15 yards, then it looks like another 7 yards to the target, for a total of 32 yards.

It’s easier to estimate several shorter distances than one long distance.  Shooting at 3D courses is a perfect way to refine the skill of estimating yardages.

Hope For The Best, Prepare For The Worst

Seldom does a deer walk into a perfect view, completely broadside.  3D courses help to prepare for a suboptimal shooting scenario.  Many 3D courses have targets at various angles, with tree limbs, leaves, and other obstacles in the area.  This makes it necessary for the archer to concentrate, pick a spot in the vitals, hold, and shoot.

In the past, I’ve found myself distracted while at full draw, afraid to hit the sapling just to the side of the vitals.  My loss of concentration caused me to pull off target and make a bad shot.  The key is concentration and to block out all distractions.

Another scenario customary on a 3D course is elevated shooting.  In Pennsylvania, archery hunting from a tree stand is common, but shooting from an elevated position is a skill that needs practice.  Bending at the waist instead of lowering the arm is vital to maintain accuracy.  Many 3D courses have the opportunity to shoot from raised platforms that simulate shooting from a tree stand.

To be a successful archery hunter, preparation is paramount. It starts with being a proficient and effective shooter in a variety of situations.  Rod and gun clubs are an excellent resource to utilize 3D archery courses to supplement archery season preparations.  Get out there, find a course to shoot, and have some fun.

Article and photo courtesy of Harvesting Nature. Click here to subscribe to the quarterly Harvesting Nature magazine, And Click here to enjoy the latest episode of the wild fish and game podcast.

Learn how to choose the best compound bow on iSportsmanUSA.


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